Why 0!=1.

Why 0!=1, or we can say, “Wow! 0! = 1    !!!!!,” or we can say, “Wow,!, 0!=1!”  But why?

From Mathandmultimedia.com

Many books will tell you that 0! equals 1 is a definition. There are actually a few reasons why this is so – the two of which are shown below.

Explanation 1:

Based on my Introduction to Combinations post, we can conclude that ntaken n at a time is equal to 1. This means, that there is only one way that you can group n objects from n objects. For example, we can only form one group consisting of 4 letters from AB, C and using all the 4 letters.

From above, we know that the \displaystyle{n \choose n} = 1. But, \displaystyle{n \choose n} = \displaystyle\frac{n!}{(n-n)!n!} = \displaystyle\frac{n!}{0!n!} = 1. To satisfy the equation, 0! must be equal to 1.

Explanation 2:

We can also use the fact that n! = n(n-1)!. Dividing both sides by n, we have \displaystyle\frac{n!}{n} = (n-1)!. If we let n = 1, we have \displaystyle\frac{1!}{1} = (1 - 1)! \Rightarrow 1 = 0! which is what we want to show.

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